Getting a Visa for the United States
The [IFLS] team is here to make getting permission to enter the United States as easy as possible. Among the services we will provide are preparing invitation letters, explaining methods of gaining permission to enter, and giving helpful application tips.
Remember, the advice on this page applies only if you are applying for permission to visit the United States for the sole purpose of attending Mobility Shifts. If you are seeking to enter for any other purpose, even if it is in addition to attending [IFLS], these directions may not be accurate. Contact our immigration counsel if you have questions.
Immigration law is one of the most complicated areas of law in the United States, and it also happens to be a hot political issue at the moment.
Despite all of that, the United States welcomes visitors. The U.S. absolutely depends on - and welcomes - foreign visitors. There is a huge gap between immigration practices and political rhetoric about immigration. If you can convince the U.S. that you don't intend to stay, it will gladly grant you permission to enter.
Most attendees should have no problem entering the U.S. for [IFLS]. In Fiscal Year 2008, the U.S. granted over 35 million requests for permission to enter. Of that number, over 17.5 million were granted through the Visa Waiver Program (VWP).
Do not make any misrepresentations, even honest ones, on any form or to any U.S. government official. Such misrepresentations can be grounds to deny you a visa or permanent residence in the United States at any point in the future. If you have any questions, ask our immigration counsel.
You will need a passport to enter the United States. Make sure you have a passport that is valid through at least six months after [IFLS]. If your current passport expires anytime before February 2011, apply for a new one immediately.
The U.S. requires that all visitors entering via VWP have machine-readable passports (MRP). MRP have the two lines of text at the bottom of the biographical information page. In addition, nationals of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Korea, and the Slovak Republic require passports with an RFID chip.
A step-by-step guide to getting permission to enter the U.S. for [IFLS]
Navigate U.S. immigration law in 24 easy steps!
How to get here largely depends on your citizenship. If you are a citizen of multiple countries, feel free to pick the method that looks easiest to enter.
Individual Country Exceptions
If you are a citizen of Canada
You generally will not need a visa to enter the United States. However, a permanent resident of Canada must apply for a visa, unless s/he is a national of a Visa Waiver Program country.
If you are a citizen of Mexico
You will need a visa (see "Getting a Visa") or a Border Crossing Card, or "laser visa." If you have a Border Crossing Card already, you can use it to come to [IFLS]. If you don't yet have a Border Crossing Card, it's your choice whether to apply for one, which will last ten years, or to apply for a regular visa, which will last far less than that.
If you are a citizen of Bermuda
Citizens of the British Overseas Territories of Bermuda will not need a visa to enter the U.S. to attend [IFLS].
If you are a citizen of the Bahamas
Bahamian citizens do not require a visa to enter the United States if they apply for entry at one of the Preclearance Facilities located in Nassau or Freeport International Airports.
If you are a citizen of the Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Palau
Citizens of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau (except for adopted children), may enter, reside, study, and work indefinitely in the United States without visas.
The Visa Waiver Program
If you are a national of one of the 36 Visa Waiver Program (VWP) countries, you may complete a short online application that, once approved, will allow you to visit the United States for up to 90 days without a visa.
The 36 VWP countries are: Andorra, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brunei, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom*.
United Kingdom Passports: Only United Kingdom passports notated with "British Citizens" and/or "with unrestricted right of abode in the United Kingdom" are eligible for VWP admission. Holders of passports indicating that the bearer is a British Subject, British Dependent Territories Citizen, British Overseas Citizen or British National (Overseas) do not qualify for VWP travel.
Your passport must meet certain requirements to qualify for VWP.
There are also other, narrow restrictions on eligibility for VWP. See "Other Issues"
If you believe you qualify for VWP, you must fill out the online Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) form.
If you have any questions about the ESTA form, do not "guess." E-mail our immigration counsel. See the "Warning" section.
Once completed, most applications will be approved immediately. So, apply now. If your VWP application is denied, you must apply for a visa. You can always amend the information (e.g. flight info, home address) later.
VWP authorization is valid for two years. Thus, if you have traveled to the United States within the past year under the VWP, you may be able to attend [IFLS] without reapplying.
Applying for a Visa
To apply for a B1/B2 visa to enter the United States, follow these steps:
Apply for an interview at your local U.S. consulate or embassy
Some embassies have significant waits for interviews. In certain cases, you may need to schedule more than one appointment to supplement your application. Schedule as soon as you assemble your supporting documents!
If you are approved, the embassy or consulate will inform you about what further steps to take, including how to make payment of the required fee.
If you are denied a visa after an interview for any reason, contact our immigration counsel. Be sure to keep every piece of paper they give you!
Picking a Port of Entry
Booking your flight
You will clear immigration and customs at the port of entry if you are not entering the US from a preclearance airport. If you fly into Atlanta and connect there to a flight to New York, you will clear immigration in Atlanta.
Since all entry permissions will be set in advance of arrival, your entry should go smoothly
If practical, try to fly directly into LaGuardia, Newark Liberty (just a few miles from Manhattan), or JFK Airport
Preclearance: a way to reduce uncertainty